Ancient coins, currency, and seals were the first evidence of typography used in olden days. In Mesopotamia, Babylon, Ancient China there has been evidence of usage of seals and dies which were used to do a repetitive print.
Wood block printing also known as xylography was widely used and then it was slowly replaced by the movable type of printing was invented in China. In wooden block printing, the ink was applied to a wooden block and was pressed on to a paper, whereas in movable type ceramic porcelain was used and books were printed with this printer. The spread of Buddhism required many books to be printed and this was considered an effective method in those times. This type of movable printing later spread to Europe by Christian missionaries.